The leverage ratio is the most common financial covenant metric used in credit agreements. A loan covenant is a condition in a commercial loan or bond issue that requires the borrower to fulfill certain conditions or which forbids the borrower from undertaking certain actions, or which possibly restricts certain activities to circumstances when other conditions are met.. A covenant is a term used in loan documents (for example in an LBO) and any other kind of bond issuance and it dictates any terms of a corporate takeover or acquisition or bond repayment. Once a loan is funded, it’s loan covenants that keeps the relationship strong, protecting the borrower’s business and assuring the lender that they will be repaid. Covenants are a critical part of credit analysis, and it's important to understand how covenants work for private equity interviews. A Negative or restrictive covenant is merely a bond covenant that prevents one party from performing certain actions or in other words it is a promise that a company makes for not exceeding certain financial ratios unless and until the same is agreed by the bondholders and it can be of three types non-disclosure, non-solicitation and non compete. Maintenance Covenant Here are six types of restrictive covenant … Banking & Financial Services Sponsored Content by Gunster . 2.-Types of Covenant. Types of Covenants Maintenance Covenants. May 18, 2017 Categories: Education. While financial institutions such as banks and insurance companies are subject to regulatory requirements, a security’s covenant package is instrumental to downside protection when investing in non-financial corporate debt issuers. Almost every loan agreement made with a bank will carry some type of covenant, either affirmative or positive loan covenants or restrictive or negative loan covenants in nature. Below is a brief description of certain types of common financial covenants that often appear in credit agreements. What are Negative Covenants (Restrictive)? All bond covenants are part of a bond's legal documentation and are part of corporate bonds and government bonds. Bond Covenants Explained . Maintenance covenants require borrowers to meet certain financial tests every reporting period, usually quarterly, regardless of any new debt issuance or similar activities. In any case, they are usually classified into three groups: do’s (positive covenants), don’ts (negative covenants) and financial covenants. a typical starting point for each of those financial covenants some items which could be included or excluded from definitions within financial covenants, and some key accounting concepts which are used in financial covenants including earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA), current assets and current liabilities Financial loan covenants (financial metrics tied to a borrower’s revenue, expenses, and debt) Loan agreements usually provide that the occurrence of a breach of a covenant constitutes an event of default triggering a lender’s right to exercise remedies, increase interest rates, accelerate the due date of payments, and take other actions. There are as many types of covenants as the lender thinks appropriate. Maximum Leverage Ratio. Failure to be in compliance with financial debt covenants by any amount may technically result in a loan default, which can have serious consequences. A bond's indenture is … Security covenants play a crucial role in investor protection and serve as a major contributor to credit analysis.