Identify the Shumard Oak. A tall tree, it can get over 100 feet in height. The large, stately Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) tree's primary landscape use is for shade. If you've tried planting picky trees in frustrating parts of your yard, you'll be happy to find the Shumard Oak can likely thrive there. Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. The leaves and twigs can also provide browse for white-tailed deer. He received his M.D. Once mature, trees can reach 80 feet tall and have a 50- to 60-foot canopy. ©Edward Gilman, UF/IFAS. Then in fall and winter, the 4- to 8-inch leaves turn a brilliant red or red-orange before falling to the ground. Large acor… Spread a layer mulch in the area around the tree but do not cover the rootball area. Shumard's oak is native to southern Illinois, but is hardy in the northern part of the state as well. Fruits are acor… It's often seen in parking lot islands, since it copes well with air pollution, poor drainage, drought, and compacted soils. It grows between 20-40 m tall and prefers moist soils, close to water and in swampy areas. Shumard Oak leaf detail from mid April 2020. A few years ago, another oak tree that was in the same general location as this oak also yellowed (not just the veins but the whole leaf) and eventually had to be taken down. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest southern red oaks. This can be seen in these three varieties rounded leaf lobes. The flowers form greenish - yellow drooping catkins. It typically grows in deciduous forests or along fence-rows. Shumard oak can be grown in full sun in acidic, neutral, or alkaline soil. in Louisville and practiced medicine in Kentucky before becoming a geologist in Missouri and Texas, and later returning to the practice of medicine in St. Louis. Dig a hole that's at least one-and-a-half times wider than the diameter of the root ball and slightly shallower. Black Oak - Bark of black oak is usually darker and more deeply fissured. Shumard oak is a medium to large-sized tree with a tall, straight trunk, stout branches and a large, open crown. The acorns are quite large with up to 3 cm (1.2 in). During the winter the bare tree provides interesting branching patterns. Oak wilt can attack all red oaks, including the Shumard oak. Deep indentations. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. The Shumard Oak survives in nearly any soil condition and environment in zones 5 to 9. The young leaves of Shumard red oak are sinuate, the older leaves are deep sinuate. stenocarpa Shumard oak Legal Status. Shumard oak is a large, wide-spreading tree that grows as far south as Texas and Florida. The oak can be several hundred years old. Follow a regular watering schedule for the first year, applying water to the root ball two to three times a week. Ultimately the top of the root ball should be one to two inches higher than the surrounding soil once the tree is planted. Shumard Red Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Shumard Oak, Spotted Oak Quercus shumardii . var. The leaf upside is dark green, the underside is lighter. Plentiful acorns from Shumard Red Oaks are a favorite of deer, turkeys, and pesky squirrels. It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, well … The buds are light and occur most frequently on branch end. This native tree is found growing across the Eastern United States and is hardy to USDA plant hardiness zones 5-10. Leaf margins die and have a distinct yellow border separating the dead tissue from the green tissue. Then water the tree well to help remove any air voids in the soil. Although Shumard Red Oak transplants well, be sure you specify to your nurseryman that the Red Oak you buy must be a PURE Shumard Red Oak—not a cross-pollinated version. Examples: blackjack oak, laurel oak, pin oak, scarlet oak, shingle oak, Shumard oak, water oak, and willow oak. I have a shumard oak ... Oak Wilt: Oak trees usually die very quickly once infected with oak wilt. The typical leaf might have a more indented mid-section. The symptoms progress toward the base of the leaf in an undulating front. This Oak thrives in full sun and is adaptable to any soil, even tolerating wet areas. It’s being planted more since 2000+-. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. … A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landsca… Leaves are dark green. Durham Co., NC 5/23/2012. Shumard oak is a native tree that offers shade in the summer and a burst of rich color in fall. It makes a lovely shade tree, thanks to its broad, open crown that gets more rounded as the tree gets older. These trees are drought tolerant once established. This species was named for Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-1869), a former state geologist of Texas who organized the the first comprehensive geological survey of Texas. The cup of the egg-shaped acorn only covers 1/4 of the whole nut, and the bark is long and light colored. Oak Leaf Scorch. Spring and Fall are ideal times to plant. single tree, planting in groups, parks and garden, overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. The Shumard oak is native to eastern North America. The leaf margin is smooth. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. All English oaks, which are native to England, are white oaks. Leaves are similar in shape and size but Shumard oak typically has deeper cut lobes than either red or black oak. Oak Morphology‎ > ‎ Shumard oak American beech White oak Chestnut oak Swamp chestnut oak Water oak Pin oak Northern red oak Shumard oak Post oak Black oak Many gardeners appreciate Shumard oak for its interesting foliage. Commercially, Shumard oak is marketed with other red oak lumber for flooring, furniture, interior trim, and cabinetry. Shumard oak leaves have a leathery texture while northern red oak leaves are shinier. Leaves of Shumard oak usually have deeper sinuses than those of … It will grow best in a soil that's rich and moist, though it can also be planted in drier sites. The shumard oak is a fast-growing tree used widely for commercial lumber, interior trim, cabinetry and furniture. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in early spring as the leaves emerge. Anything less than a 100 percent Shumard Red Oak will not meet your expectations. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard Oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landscape statement. From urban landscapes to soggy land by rivers and dry, open pastures, this tree is tolerant and adaptable. Fill in around the root ball with soil, packing it in firmly with your foot. Underside of Shumard oak leaves have tufts of brown hairs between the veins, while scarlet oak may only have a few light hairs. Red-black oak group (top image): Leaves have pointed lobes (when present) with a bristle at the tip of each leaf and each lobe. The bristle-tipped leaves are glossy dark green above and have deep sinuses, extending more than half way from the leaf edge to the leaf vein. Fall and winter coloration varies from year to year in USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9. A Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) in fall. The Shumard oak grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy and well-drained soils. They have a flat fruit cup and a short stalk. How to Care for a Shumard Oak. It’s only about 6’ tall now (having re-planted it from a seedling that we believe is from its parent tree in our front lawn: a rather large and very healthy Shumard). It is also an excellent shade tree because of its broad, rounded canopy. The lobe ends are tapered. As a rule, this resilient tree is generally free from pests and serious diseases. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. This disease affects primarily pin and red oak but has also been found in white oak. Like other oaks, Shumard oak needs to be pruned routinely when it's young in order to help the tree develop a strong branch structure. On red oaks ... Herbicide damage looks like the leaf inter-vein area have been bleached out. Shumard oak can be hard to tell apart from more common pointy-toothed species. Shumard Oak (Quercus shumardii) One of our largest trees, Shumard Oak is uncommon in North Carolina in bottomland forests, most common in areas with basic or circumneutral soil. Shumard oak Quercus shumardii var. It is listed as species of Special Concern, and is protected by the Endangered Species Act, 2007. Fall color appears late, but is often a respectable brownish red. Many gardeners appreciate Shumard oak for its interesting foliage. Fall and winter coloration varies from year to year in USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9. The leaf margin is smooth. The 4- to 8-inch-long deciduous leaves are deeply-lobed (more so than Quercus rubra) and have bristles on the tips of some lobes. shumardii (typical), andQ. Growing 80 feet tall with a 40- to 50-foot spread, Shumard oak forms a large, stately tree with a narrow, rather open, rounded canopy, somewhat reminiscent of red oak. Common names are from state and federal lists. Shumard oak also boasts some of the largest acorns of all Florida oaks, with each acorn reaching up to 1.5 inches wide. It features traditional oak-shaped leaves that are dark green throughout most of the year. The leaf upside is dark green, the underside is lighter. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. However, if you avoid freezing and hot temperatures you can plant your oak tree almost any time of the year. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Relatively fast growing, the Shumard Oak matures to a height of 30 – 120 feet with a deciduous leaf, 4 – 8 inches long and deeply-lobed. The leaf is very similar to that of Nuttall Oak - the main differences seem to be a much longer leaf stalk, a greater number of bristle tips (the leaf below has 36 bristles, as opposed to the Nuttall Oak leaf shown on the Nuttall Oak page, which has only 19 bristles), and less tapered at the base. The acorns of the Shumard oak provide food for various songbirds, game birds such as wild turkey and quail, waterfowl, white-tailed deer, feral hogs, and various rodents such as squirrels. The Oregon mountain oak has a small leaf while the burr (or bur) oak has larger leaves with many lobes. Genetics Shumard oak has two varieties-Quercus shumar-dii Buckl. Shumard oak acorns are probably an important source of food for the deer herd. Use a sharp knife or a shovel to shave off the periphery of the root ball before placing it into the hole. This species can be utilized as a street tree, but may be difficult to find in nurseries. Shumard Oak Trees are easy to grow and extremely adaptable. Flowering and leafing sprout together. The lumber of this wood is often mixed indiscriminately with that of other oaks, thereby losing its identity in trade. Shiny, dark green leaves (6-8\" long) with deep, spiny lobes (usually 7-9 lobes). Shumard Oak leaves are shiny (as is Pin Oak) with lobes as deep as long-rectangular Black Oak (Quercus velutina which has completely tan-hairy buds) and Pin Oak. While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some drought tolerance. During the winter the bare tree provides interesting branching patterns. Shumard Oak TN native. Shumard oak is named for Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-1869), physician and geologist. Wildlife like squirrels, deer, and turkey love to feed on the acorns, and some people enjoy using them in craft projects and holiday decor. Call Tarrant County Master Gardener help desk, 817-884-1944. The crown spreads with age becoming round at maturity. Shumard Oak is native to North America however it is considered rare, in Ontario it is restricted to the southwest such as Kent, Elgin and Sussex counties. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. shumardii texana (Buckl. Dotty Woodson. Mature buds are pale grayish-brown and appear waxed, though red and black oaks are usually reddish-brown and hairless. Young twigs are olive green and shiny, the older branches are brownish. In 1959, an 80-foot example of this tree in Columbus (Franklin County) was registered with the Ohio Forestry Association. The young leaves of Shumard red oak are sinuate, the older leaves are deep sinuate. Bark of Shumard oak is lighter gray and smoother. The Shumard Oak is one of the larger oak trees in North America. A fairly common oak of rich lowlands and moist lower slopes. The wood is used in the furniture industry and the large acorns are a food source for many animals. White oak group (bottom image): Leaves have rounded lobes Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). In 1983, a 99-foot specimen was recorded in Montgomery County. A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landscape state- ment. For more information on Shumard oak, contact your county Extension office. Fagaceae (black oak group) Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. The lobe ends are tapered. shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) leaf underside, shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) in autumn, shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) trunk / bark. In Florida, it grows wild throughout the Florida Panhandle and across North Florida southward to Marion County. Established trees also tend to be drought tolerant, though they may drop their leaves during extended droughts. Common Name: Shumard Oak: Latin Name: Quercus shumardii: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: Shumard oak is an ideal tree for urban landscapes, including both home yards and commercial settings. Very many of the variable leaves of Shumard Oak are square to short-rectangular in outline, many with a little "bow-tie" pair of lobes at the leaf base. It features traditional oak-shaped leaves that are dark green throughout most of the year. It may become a large tree fast, within 60 years it may be 100’ tall and wide. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Has a typical red oak leaf design and turns yellow to orangish mainly, in Fall, and sometimes to reddish. 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