What is the world’s largest archipelago? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Area: unknown . The island of Gorée was one of the first places in Africa to be settled by Europeans, as the Portuguese settled on the island in 1444. Date of experience: January 2020. The House of Slaves and its Door of No Return is a museum and memorial to the Atlantic slave trade on Gorée Island, 3 km off the coast of the city of Dakar, Senegal. In the mid-15th century, Portuguese settlers colonized the island. Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. Essential Goree Island. Helpful. Located on a quiet and sheltered bay, the Gorée Island was discovered in 1444 by Denis Dias, a Portuguese sailor and explorer of Africa's west coast as well as the discoverer of Cap-Vert. Only a short ferry ride from Senegal’s capital Dakar lays the tiny island Ile de Gorée, Goree Island. The island’s indigenous Lebu people were later displaced, and fortifications were erected. The History of Île de Gorée Despite its proximity to the Senegalese mainland, Île de Gorée was left uninhabited until the arrival of European colonialists due to a lack of fresh water. Gorée’s location made it a good site for supplying ships following the winds out of Europe, and for supplying African captives for the Americas. Goree Island is a small 45-acre island located off the coast of Senegal that is only three kilometers away from Dakar. The Island of Gorée was the witness to have slaves were traded via this island to the Western countries, wherein mostly were shipped by boat. May 17, 2015 - Explore ufulu Bomani's board "goree island" on Pinterest. Inside the Slave House, the conditions were as hopeless and as primitive as you can imagine. The most Goree families were found in the USA in 1880. Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! Goree Island Tourism: Best of Goree Island. It’s known for its role in the 15th- to 19th-century Atlantic slave trade. In the exhibition, ancient findings in Goree, artefacts & information from the French colonial era. There are also museums of women’s history and of the sea. It is a rather barren volcanic rock of only 88 acres (36 hectares) that commands the roadstead of Dakar harbour. About Gorée Island Some academics have argued that Gorée Island – from the Dutch ‘goede reede’, or ‘good harbour’ – was merely one of hundreds of similar incarceration centres from where relatively few Africans (around 25,000) were transported to the Americas. Goree Island is on the great western bulge of Africa - the nearest point on the continent to the Americas. NOW 50% OFF! In Gorée Island The Maison des Esclaves (“Slave House”), which was constructed in 1786, includes displays of slavery artifacts, and the Fort d’Estrées (built in the 1850s) is the site of a historical museum. Explore Goree. IFAN museum (do not confuse with IFAN Museum of African arts) is a remarkable museum inside the fortress of Goree. They named it after the Dutch island of Goeree, before the British took it over under Robert Holmes in 1664. The island is a popular destination for anyone visiting Dakar and Senegal and tells the story of the slave trade across the Atlantic. Located less than 4 km from the city of Dakar, Gorée island offers a sure route for ships. Goree Island was a prominent place for the development of Atlantic slave trade and served as a center for expanding … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Fort d'Estrées on Gorée Island, off the coast of Senegal. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Maison des Esclaves (“Slave House”), which was constructed in 1786, includes displays of slavery artifacts, and the Fort d’Estrées (built in the 1850s) is the site of a historical museum. Being almost devoid of drinking water, the island was not settled before the arrival of Europeans. As early as 1848 Gorée participated in French elections, and it was represented in the French Parliament during the first half of the 20th century. In 1444, Portuguese navigator Dinís Dias sited the island, christening it ‘Palma’. Since the 15th century, it has been the center of rivalries between diverse European nations which used it for slave trading. Maison des Esclaves (“Slave House”), Gorée Island, Senegal. Read more. Gorée Island is situated in the harbor of Dakar in modern Sénégal and is one of the oldest sites of European settlement on the African coast. Portuguese explorers built houses on the island as early as the 1440s. 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