The initial aim of Ulster Resistance was to bring an end to the Anglo-Irish Agreement. In June 2017, Gary Haggarty, former UVF commander for north Belfast and south-east Antrim, pleaded guilty to 200 charges, including five murders. [69][70] West died in 1980. Less extreme measures will be taken against anyone sheltering or helping them, but if they persist in giving them aid, then more extreme methods will be adopted... we solemnly warn the authorities to make no more speeches of appeasement. The UVF is regaining its stranglehold on East Belfast, the daughter of Ian Ogle has warned. The chief constable said he believed the UVF involvement was limited to east Belfast and there was no evidence of a collective endorsement of the organisation. [84], On 2 September 2006, BBC News reported the UVF might be intending to re-enter dialogue with the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, with a view to decommissioning of their weapons. of which I have been speaking. [22] They always signed their statements with the fictitious name "Captain William Johnston". In June, nine UVF members were convicted of the attacks. Suspected cannabis with an estimated street value of £80,000 was … Anyone with information that they believe may be relevant is asked to contact r.grayson@gold.ac.uk. [32] In April 1966, Ulster loyalists led by Ian Paisley, a Protestant fundamentalist preacher, founded the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee (UCDC). It comprises high-ranking officers under a Chief of Staff or Brigadier-General. The damage from security service informers started in 1983 with "supergrass" Joseph Bennett's information, which led to the arrest of fourteen senior figures. [49] This came to a climax on 4 December, when the UVF bombed McGurk's Bar, a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast. Some of them left much of Belfast without power and water. Since the ceasefire, the UVF has been involved in rioting, drug dealing and organised crime. [95] The Progressive Unionist Party's condemnation, and Dawn Purvis and other leaders' resignations as a response to the Moffett shooting, were also noted. ", "Ulster Volunteer Force is no longer on ceasefire, police warn", "Gary Haggarty: Ex-senior loyalist pleads guilty to 200 terror charges - BBC News", "Police seize drugs and arrest 11 during raids on east Belfast UVF", "Nine men charged after east Belfast UVF police raids". More militant members of the UVF who disagreed with the ceasefire, broke away to form the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF), led by Billy Wright. '[148], The UVF's satellite organisation, the Red Hand Commando, was described by the IMC in 2004 as "heavily involved" in drug dealing. [citation needed] allegations that elements of the British security forces colluded with the UVF in the bombings. Its first leader was Gusty Spence, a former British Army soldier from Northern Ireland. The group is classified as a terrorist organisation by the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.[7]. [68] In 1976, Tommy West was replaced with "Mr. F" who is alleged to be John "Bunter" Graham, who remains the incumbent Chief of Staff to date. "[17], In November 2013, after a series of shootings and acts of intimidation by the UVF, Police Federation Chairman Terry Spence declared that the UVF ceasefire was no longer active. [81], There followed years of violence between the two organisations. “We’d be especially pleased to see copies of UVF membership cards which were issued, but we are also interested in receiving information on military service in 1914-18. In response to events in Derry, nationalists held protests throughout Northern Ireland, some of which became violent. The detective sergeant from the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) said that Mr Baine, of Cheviot Avenue, was part of a drug-dealing network and a criminal gang linked to the east Belfast UVF. He served as the paramilitary organisation's East Belfast commander before being shot dead by the Provisional IRA in an alley behind his video shop in … [32] Some unionists feared Irish nationalism and launched an opposing response in Northern Ireland. One study focusing in part on female members of the UVF and Red Hand Commando noted that it "seem[ed] to have been reasonably unusual" for women to be officially asked to join the UVF. From that time until the early 1990s, the Mid-Ulster Brigade was led by Robin "the Jackal" Jackson, who then passed the leadership to Billy Wright. Two members of the group survived the attack and later testified against those responsible. In October, UVF and UPV member Thomas McDowell was killed by the bomb he was planting at Ballyshannon power station. [83], On 12 February 2006, The Observer reported that the UVF was to disband by the end of 2006. The no-warning car bombings had been carried out by units from the Belfast and Mid-Ulster brigades. A new resource has details on around 400 UVF members from West and East Belfast, Never miss a thing from Belfast and beyond - sign up for FREE updates direct to your email inbox. The UVF has threatened to “orchestrate and participate in serious disorder”, police have said, following a day of tensions where two bonfire sites in east Belfast were cleared. Hanna and Jackson have both been implicated by journalist Joe Tiernan, and RUC Special Patrol Group (SPG) officer John Weir as having led one of the units that bombed Dublin. [8] According to the book Lost Lives (2006 edition), it was responsible for 569 killings. An article published by the newspaper fingered Wright as a drug lord and sectarian murderer. The UVF's leadership is based in Belfast and known as the Brigade Staff. [94], The UVF was blamed for the shotgun killing of expelled RHC member Bobby Moffett on the Shankill Road on the afternoon of 28 May 2010, in front of passers-by including children. Known IRA men will be executed mercilessly and without hesitation. They have been engaged in orchestrating violence on our streets, and it's very clear to me that they are engaged in an array of mafia-style activities. Article from The People (London, England). A man widely named as the leader of the east Belfast Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) took part in talks with senior police officers about a controversial loyalist bonfire, the BBC understands. Armistice Day project by Danny Boyle to take place on Northern Ireland beaches, Artefacts from First World War found under hut at Co Down camp, Jet2 Belfast flight to Gran Canaria forced to divert due to 'disruptive passenger', The flight from Belfast International on Sunday afternoon had to instead land temporarily in Manchester, Drink driving warning issued by police following crash, Police say they are "catching high numbers on a weekly basis", Christmas warning issued by Northern Ireland fire service as house blazes surge in lockdown, More people have already died in accidental fires in the home this year than during all of 2019, Knife wielding man threatens staff during North Belfast robbery, The PSNI have appealed for information following the incident on the Crumlin Road yesterday, Falls Road 'incidents' being investigated by PSNI, Police have released few details of alleged 'incidents', Stephen Nolan shares photo of new haircut and asks Twitter followers for best captions. [151], There were also 66 UVF/RHC members and four former members killed in the conflict. [17] Some members have also been found responsible for orchestrating a series of racist attacks. On 7 May, loyalists petrol bombed a Catholic-owned pub in the loyalist Shankill area of Belfast. [125], Prior to and after the onset of the Troubles the UVF carried out armed robberies. Last week, police found a cannabis factory in Carrickfergus, County Antrim. The first Independent Monitoring Commission report in April 2004 described the UVF/RHC as "relatively small" with "a few hundred" active members "based mainly in the Belfast and immediately adjacent areas". Veteran anti-UVF campaigner Raymond McCord, whose son, Raymond Jr., a Protestant, was beaten to death by UVF men in 1997, estimates the UVF has killed more than thirty people since its 1994 ceasefire, most of them Protestants. [93] The IICD confirmed that "substantial quantities of firearms, ammunition, explosives and explosive devices" had been decommissioned and that for the UVF and RHC, decommissioning had been completed. During the riot, UVF members shot dead RUC officer Victor Arbuckle. [147] Loyalists in Portadown such as Bobby Jameson have stated that the LVF (the Mid-Ulster Brigade that broke away from the main UVF - and led by Billy Wright) was not a 'loyalist organisation but a drugs organisation causing misery in Portadown. UVF men James Cordner (23) and Joseph Long (33) - described as a 'captain' in its east Belfast battalion - are also honoured in the mural. It comprises high-ranking officers under a Chief of Staff or Brigadier-General. You can unsubscribe at any time. [146] It was around this time that Sunday World journalists Martin O'Hagan and Jim Campbell coined the term "rat pack" for the UVF's murderous mid-Ulster unit and, unable to identify Wright by name for legal reasons, they christened him "King Rat." It was the deadliest attack of the Troubles. [120] Members were disciplined after they carried out an unsanctioned theft of £8 million of paintings from an estate in Co Wicklow in April 1974. The largest death toll in a single attack was in the 3 March 1991 Cappagh killings, when the UVF killed IRA members John Quinn, Dwayne O'Donnell and Malcolm Nugent, and civilian Thomas Armstrong in the small village of Cappagh. The UVF's leadership is based in Belfast and known as the Brigade Staff. In January 2000 UVF Mid-Ulster brigadier Richard Jameson was shot dead by a LVF gunman which led to an escalation of the UVF/LVF feud. The Mid-Ulster Brigade was also responsible for the 1975 Miami Showband killings, in which three members of the popular Irish cabaret band were shot dead at a bogus military checkpoint by gunmen in British Army uniforms. Mon, 25 Jul, 2005 - 13:56 In Belfast, loyalists responded by attacking nationalist districts. In March and April that year, UVF and UPV members bombed water and electricity installations in Northern Ireland, blaming them on the dormant IRA and elements of the civil rights movement. Along with the UDA, it helped to enforce the strike by blocking roads, intimidating workers, and shutting any businesses that opened. page 1. With a few exceptions, such as Mid-Ulster brigadier Billy Hanna (a native of Lurgan), the Brigade Staff members have been from the Shankill Road or the nei… [30][31], Since 1964, there had been a growing civil rights campaign in Northern Ireland. [109], On 23 March 2019, eleven UVF militants were arrested during a total of 14 searches conducted in Belfast, Newtownards and Comber and the suspects, aged between 22 and 48, were taken into police custody for questioning. [102], In July 2011, a UVF flag flying in Limavady was deemed legal by the PSNI after the police had received complaints about the flag from nationalist politicians. It was the UVF's deadliest attack in Northern Ireland, and the deadliest attack in Belfast during the Troubles. [23], Like the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), the UVF's modus operandi involved assassinations, mass shootings, bombings and kidnappings. But Professor Richard Grayson, from Goldsmiths, University of London, told Belfast … [134] In 2002 the House of Commons Northern Ireland Affairs Committee estimated the UVF's annual running costs at £1–2 million per year, against an annual fundraising capability of £1.5 million. [78] According to Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN), the UVF killed 17 active and four former republican paramilitaries. Belfast UDA leaders Matt Kincaid and Jim Spence attended the unprecedented gathering as did Stephen Matthews, the alleged leader of the east Belfast UVF. The group had been proscribed in July 1966, but this ban was lifted on 4 April 1974 by Merlyn Rees, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, in an effort to bring the UVF into the democratic process. Fifteen Catholic civilians were killed and seventeen wounded. explains more about how we use your data, and your rights. On the basis of that, we as a federation have called for the respecification of the UVF [stating that its ceasefire is over]. Referring to its activity in the early and mid-1970s, journalist Ed Moloney described no-warning pub bombings as the UVF's "forte". On 17 February 1979, the UVF carried out its only major attack in Scotland, when its members bombed two pubs in Glasgow frequented by Irish-Scots Catholics. House of Commons: Northern Ireland Affairs Committee, Cusack & McDonald, p.34-35, 105, 199, 205, The Lost Lives, David McKittrick, Page 1475, Timeline of Ulster Volunteer Force actions, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, protests throughout Northern Ireland, some of which became violent, Provisional IRA campaign 1969-1997 § Loyalists and the IRA – killing and reprisals, Republic of Ireland national football team, Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, "Report drawn up on behalf of the Political Affairs Committee on the situation in Northern Ireland", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TfGe4WO8yok, "Sutton Index of Deaths: Organisation responsible for the death", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Crosstabulations", "Inside the UVF: Money, murders and mayhem - the loyalist gang's secrets unveiled", "UVF 'behind racist attacks in south and east Belfast'", Chronology of Key Events in Irish History, 1800 to 1967, "Irish tighten security after Dublin bombing", "Call for probe of British link to 1974 bombs", "Collusion in the South Armagh / Mid Ulster Area in the mid-1970's". A new history project is aiming to tell the stories of UVF members who served in the First World War. The UVF stated that the attempted attack was a protest against the Irish Army units "still massed on the border in County Donegal". [100] The UVF leader in East Belfast, who is popularly known as the "Beast of the East" and "Ugly Doris" also known as by real name Stephen Matthews, ordered the attack on Catholic homes and a church in the Catholic enclave of the Short Strand. [61] The UVF was banned again on 3 October 1975 and two days later twenty-six suspected UVF members were arrested in a series of raids. [54] Jackson was allegedly the hitman who shot Hanna dead outside his home in Lurgan. A NEW mural depicting masked, armed paramilitary men from the East Belfast Battalion has caused widespread controversy in Belfast. The report added that individuals, some current and some former members, in the group have, without the orders from above, continued to "localised recruitment", and although some continued to try and acquire weapons, including a senior member, most forms of crime had fallen, including shootings and assaults. [120], The UVF has killed more people than any other loyalist paramilitary group. [60] A political wing was formed in June 1974, the Volunteer Political Party led by UVF Chief of Staff Ken Gibson, which contested West Belfast in the October 1974 general election, polling 2,690 votes (6%). Click here to get it from the App Store or here for Google Play . “A threat has come through this council and from the police to say the East Belfast UVF have threatened contractors – possibly with the use of firearms,” he said. [47] Catholic churches were also attacked. The gunmen shot dead six people and injured five. 30 June 2002. Two UVF members, Harris Boyle and Wesley Somerville, were accidentally killed by their own bomb while carrying out this attack. James Gray (1958 – 4 October 2005), known as Jim Gray, was a Northern Irish loyalist and the From late 1975 to mid-1977, a unit of the UVF dubbed the Shankill Butchers (a group of UVF men based on Belfast's Shankill Road) carried out a series of sectarian murders of Catholic civilians. [12][13][14][15][16] The other main loyalist paramilitary group during the conflict was the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), which had a much larger membership. [citation needed] There were also reports that UVF members fired shots at police lines during a protest. ", This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 01:07. F". [40], On 12 October, a loyalist protest in the Shankill became violent. Drugs, cash, cars and jewellery seized in operation against activities of East Belfast UVF Press Association Fri 22 Mar 2019 12.15 EDT First published on Fri 22 Mar 2019 05.30 EDT Loyalists were successful in importing arms into Northern Ireland. [91], In the twentieth IMC report, the group was said to be continuing to put its weapons "beyond reach", (in the group's own words) to downsize, and reduce the criminality of the group. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association sought to end discrimination against Catholics by the unionist government of Northern Ireland. Captain Robert Nairac of 14 Intelligence Company was alleged to have been involved in many acts of UVF violence. A man widely named as the leader of the east Belfast Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) took part in talks with senior police officers about a controversial loyalist bonfire, the BBC understands. "[108], In June 2017, Gary Haggarty, former UVF commander for north Belfast and south-east Antrim, pleaded guilty to 200 charges, including five murders. Although O'Neill was a unionist, they saw him as being too 'soft' on the civil rights movement and too friendly with the Republic of Ireland. I want to stay here as long as I can.”, Holly Hamilton on her favourite NI restaurant and that one time she dressed up as 'Hairy Haggis' for a job, The BBC presenter also reveals her favourite place to escape from it all and the football manager she would love at her dinner party. [20] At other times, attacks on Catholic civilians were claimed as "retaliation" for IRA actions, since the IRA drew almost all of its support from the Catholic community. Our. “They can help to replace the service records which were destroyed for about two-thirds on men in the London Blitz in 1940.”. East Belfast UVF leaders have distanced themselves from two brothers named in court as being part of a crime gang linked to the sale of drugs. Though, for its own purposes, it assumed the same name it has nothing else in common. A mural depicting Ulster Volunteer Force gunmen in the mainly protestant area of East Belfast on June 23, 2011 in Northern Ireland. [25] In the late summer and autumn of 1973, the UVF detonated more bombs than the UDA and IRA combined,[26] and by the time of the group's temporary ceasefire in late November it had been responsible for over 200 explosions that year. According to the Belfast Telegraph, "...70 separate police intelligence reports implicating the north Belfast UVF man in dealing cannabis, Ecstasy, amphetamines and cocaine. [103], During the Belfast City Hall flag protests of 2012–13, senior UVF members were confirmed to have actively been involved in orchestrating violence and rioting against the PSNI and the Alliance Party throughout Northern Ireland during the weeks of disorder. [126][127] This activity has been described as its preferred source of funds in the early 1970s,[128] and it continued into the 2000s, with the UVF in County Londonderry being active. This was a general strike in protest against the Sunningdale Agreement, which meant sharing political power with Irish nationalists and the Republic having more involvement in Northern Ireland. [96][97], On 25–26 October 2010, the UVF was involved in rioting and disturbances in the Rathcoole area of Newtownabbey with UVF gunmen seen on the streets at the time. Malcolm Sutton's Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland, part of the Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN), states that the UVF and RHC was responsible for at least 485 killings during the Troubles, and lists a further 256 loyalist killings that have not yet been attributed to a particular group. [37], On 26 June, the group shot dead a Catholic civilian and wounded two others as they left a pub on Malvern Street, Belfast. The UVF's last major attack was the 1994 Loughinisland massacre, in which its members shot dead six Catholic civilians in a rural pub. Recently it has emerged from the Police Ombudsman that senior North Belfast UVF member and Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Special Branch informant Mark Haddock has been involved in drug dealing. Mark Davenport from the BBC has stated that he spoke to a drug dealer who told him that he paid Billy Wright protection money. [39], By 1969, the Catholic civil rights movement had escalated its protest campaign, and O'Neill had promised them some concessions. [106][107], In October 2013, the policing board announced that the UVF was still heavily involved in gangsterism despite its ceasefire. [85], On 3 May 2007, following recent negotiations between the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) and Irish Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and with Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) Chief Constable Sir Hugh Orde, the UVF made a statement that they would transform to a "non-military, civilianised" organisation. The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group. It would attack the Republic again in May 1974, during the two-week Ulster Workers' Council strike. [27] However, from 1977 bombs largely disappeared from the UVF's arsenal owing to a lack of explosives and bomb-makers, plus a conscious decision to abandon their use in favour of more contained methods. Anderson, Malcolm & Bort, Eberhard (1999). UVF plays down rift over terror gang exhibition in Belfast Guns and memorabilia of the UVF and Red Hand Commandos which were part of the exhibition … [139] Supporters in Scotland have helped supply explosives and guns. It used submachine guns, assault rifles, shotguns, pistols, grenades (including homemade grenades), incendiary bombs, booby trap bombs and car bombs. It would continue these tactics for the rest of its campaign. They were blamed by the PSNI on members of the UVF, who also said UVF guns had been used to try to kill police officers. [153], For the original Ulster Volunteer Force, see, Ulster loyalist paramilitary group formed in 1966, Aaron Edwards - UVF: Behind the Mask p.206,207. [100][101] A dissident Republican was arrested for "the attempted murder of police officers in east Belfast" after shots were fired upon the police. It emerged in 1966. It was alleged that Colin Armstrong had links to both drugs and loyalist terrorists. They also stated that they would retain their weaponry but put them beyond reach of normal volunteers. [40] The loyalists "intended to force a crisis which would so undermine confidence in O'Neill's ability to maintain law and order that he would be obliged to resign". The 45-year-old was beaten and stabbed to death outside his home in … Two of those later convicted (James McDowell and Thomas Crozier) were also serving members of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), a part-time, locally recruited regiment of the British Army. The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association sought to end discrimination against Catholics by the unionist government of Northern Ireland. Nelson, Sarah. Suspected cannabis … That might include army pay books which are often with families in draws or attics. [58] Beginning in 1975, recruitment to the UVF, which until then had been solely by invitation, was now left to the discretion of local units.[59]. During 1970, 42 Catholic-owned licensed premises in Protestant areas were bombed. But Professor Richard Grayson, from Goldsmiths, University of London, told Belfast Live that he believes that there are many more stories to be told. Although the UDA and UVF have frequently co-operated and generally co-existed, the two groups have clashed. West Belfast UVF at Brookmount Street in 1913. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths – crosstabulations", "UVF disbands unit linked to taxi murder", Law and order Belfast-style as two men are forced on a 'walk of shame', 'Report of the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning', Twenty-Fourth Report of the Independent Monitoring Commission, David Madine admits trying to kill loyalist Harry Stockman, "Police say UVF gunman seen in Rathcoole during trouble". The vast majority (more than two-thirds)[8][9] of its victims were Irish Catholic civilians, who were often killed at random. Birgen, Julia. During this time he restructured the organisation into brigades, battalions, companies, platoons and sections. In October 1975, the UVF was undermined when soldiers and police swooped on houses in Belfast and East Antrim and arrested 26 men. The UVF's Mid-Ulster Brigade carried out further attacks during this same period. [10] Whenever it claimed responsibility for its attacks, the UVF usually claimed that those targeted were IRA members or were giving help to the IRA. [95] Eleven months later, a man was arrested and charged with the attempted murder of the UVF's alleged second-in-command Harry Stockman, described by the Belfast Telegraph as a "senior Loyalist figure". History Beginning. In 1972, the UVF's imprisoned leader Gusty Spence was at liberty for four months following a staged kidnapping by UVF volunteers. All were widely blamed on the IRA, and British soldiers were sent to guard installations. The Sunday World's offices were also firebombed. Ms Johnston said the east Belfast UVF's statement was "an insult". "[143], According to Alan McQuillan, the assistant director of the Assets Recovery Agency in 2005, "In the loyalist community, drug dealing is run by the paramilitaries and it is generally run for personal gain by a large number of people." [98][99], On the night of 20 June 2011, riots involving 500 people erupted in the Short Strand area of East Belfast. It is suggested that the east Belfast UVF element is the most powerful paramilitary faction in Northern Ireland. “Newspaper lists of UVF members from the city enlisting in 1914 were not published, unlike in some other parts of Ulster. These included the Miami Showband killings of 31 July 1975 – when three members of the popular showband were killed, having been stopped at a fake British Army checkpoint outside Newry in County Down. The arms are thought to have consisted of: The UVF used this new infusion of arms to escalate their campaign of sectarian assassinations. Ed Moloney, Secret History of the IRA, p.321, "Voices From the Grave:Two Men's War in Ireland" Ed Moloney, Faber & Faber, 2010 pp 417. Download it now and get involved. Fire engulfed the house next door, badly burning the elderly Protestant widow who lived there. The Irish parliament's Joint Committee on Justice called the bombings an act of "international terrorism" involving the British security forces. "FIFTH REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT MONITORING COMMISSION", "BBC - The Devenport Diaries: Remembering Billy Wright", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Crosstabulations (two-way tables)", "Sutton Index of Deaths: Status of the person killed", CAIN – University of Ulster Conflict Archive, Bombings of King's Cross and Euston stations, Carlton Tower and Portman Hotel shootings, Belfast, Crumlin, Killyleagh & Coleraine attacks, Ceasefires of the Provisional IRA, UVF, UDA and RHC, Murders of Andrew Robb and David McIlwaine, Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulster_Volunteer_Force&oldid=993325030, Proscribed paramilitary organisations in Northern Ireland, Organizations designated as terrorist in Europe, Organisations designated as terrorist by the United Kingdom, Organised crime groups in Northern Ireland, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, May 1966 – present (on ceasefire since October 1994; officially ended armed campaign in May 2007), Unnamed Chief of Staff (1974 – October 1975). [77] The UVF also killed senior Republican paramilitary members Liam Ryan, John 'Skipper' Burns and Larry Marley. [46], In January 1970, the UVF began bombing Catholic-owned businesses in Protestant areas of Belfast. Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force are openly patrolling the Garnerville area of east Belfast today as part of a deepening feud with the rival Loyalist Volunteer Force. [32] The 'Paisleyites' set out to stymie the civil rights movement and oust Terence O'Neill, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. It began carrying out gun attacks to kill random Catholic civilians and using car bombs to attack Catholic-owned pubs. [105] The high levels of orchestration by the leadership of the East Belfast UVF, and the alleged ignored orders from the main leaders of the UVF to stop the violence has led to fears that the East Belfast UVF has now become a separate loyalist paramilitary grouping which doesn't abide by the UVF ceasefire or the Northern Ireland Peace Process. 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Being sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum sentence of twenty years nickname and made threats... The UDA in the late 1980s and early 1990s, east belfast uvf in the loyalist area!, 42 Catholic-owned licensed premises in Protestant areas of Belfast arms to escalate their campaign of almost thirty during... Mid-Ulster Brigade carried out by units from the Maze Prison members Liam Ryan, 'Skipper. Constabulary ( RUC ) into Northern Ireland. [ 7 ] UVF/RHC members and four former members killed the! Draws or attics seven deaths him that he spoke to a drug lord and sectarian murderer protest in the.... Elements of the Bogside '' began in Belfast during the Troubles the UVF 's leadership is based in Belfast Mid-Ulster. Part of an investigation into the criminal activities of the Troubles claimed the pubs were used for republican.! All forms of gangsterism, serious assaults, intimidation of the need to decommission weapons. 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