Perse T. The birth control movement in England and the United States: the first 100 years. Accessing birth control in the early 20th century was all about knowing how to read the fine print. The Use of the Birth Control Movement as a Eugenics Weapon, 1920's-1960's. The 1920s … Gordon L. The politics of birth control, 1920-1940: the impact of professionals. And in the early 1920s, Margaret Sanger made strides in providing contraception to women, sparking a wave of women’s rights to birth control. Sanger wanted to break this and inform women to help them plan ahead for a family, economically. The fight for reproductive freedoms was intense. The Modern Birth Control Movement In 1909, the first intrauterine devices made out of silkworm gut were introduced, and further developed throughout the 1920s in Europe. With the introduction of the birth control pill to the market in 1960, women could for the first time deter pregnancy by their own choice. Cervical caps were often made of rubber and toted as the most effective method. Although contraceptive techniques had been known in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, the modern movement for birth control began in Great Britain, where the writings of Thomas Robert Malthus stirred interest in the problem of overpopulation. Also, she wanted women to have the right to be able to access birth control. - "The Civilizing Force of Birth Control": Margaret Sanger Becomes a Moderate (1929) - "I Limited My Own Family": Memoir of a 1920s Birth Control Activist - On women's suffrage before the 19th amendment: - Suffrage in Print: Alice Duer Miller's Satiric Journalism (ca. International Journal of Health Services 1975;5:253-77. While Margaret Sanger made great strides in the crusade for legalization and open access to birth control for women, groups paired her work with ideologies such as Social Darwinism to arm the eugenics movement throughout the Twentieth-century. 1917) By emphasising "control", the birth control movement argued that women should have control over their reproduction - the movement was closely tied to the emerging feminist movement. Dawson DA, Meny DJ, Ridley JC. Organized religions such as the Roman Catholic Church stood firm on their principles that artificial contraceptives were sinful. Sanger was the founder of the American Birth Control League (Planned Parenthood). Just 15 years after President Eisenhower declared that birth control is not the government's business, the government supports birth control clinics in 2,379 of the nation's 3,099 counties. 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